Spring 2020 IPRC Event Calendar
Research Talk Series
Our Research Talk Series is a biweekly meeting of faculty and graduate students. The meetings are a space for research conversation, presentations of current research, and trainings on topics related to inequality and research methodology.
Location: Stauffer 106
Time: 12:00 – 1:30 pm (Lunch provided)
January 29, 2020
Mark Hoestra, PhD, Texas A&M University
TITLE: “The Effect of Police Officer Race on Use of Force”
This presentation examines how police officer race affects use of force. To overcome endogenous interactions, we use data on over 2 million 911 calls in two cities, neither of which allows for discretion in officer dispatch. Using a location-by-time fixed effects approach that isolates the random variation in officer race, we estimate white officers use gun force twice as often as black officers, and 60 percent more overall. Difference-in-difference estimates from individual officer fixed effect models imply white officers use force twice as often in Hispanic neighborhoods, and use gun force five times as often in black neighborhoods.
February 26, 2020
Stephen El-Khatib, PhD Candidate, UC Riverside
TITLE: “The Muslims Next Door”
The presentation investigates hostility toward mosques and Muslim Americans in the United States, both through physical attacks and subtle racism. I challenge existing theories related to outgroup contact and threat, against the theory of outgroup institutional context. I postulate that outgroup related buildings and developments such as mosques are seen by some residents as threatening footholds in their community. To test my theory, I developed a Cooperative Congressional Elections Study module on Muslims and mosques in 2018, created a series of datasets which scrape online information on hate crime, and utilized U.S. Internal Revenue Service data to determine the locations of mosques throughout the country. I find that the presence of mosques is significantly related to increases in hate targeting Muslims, whereas the relative size of Muslim populations is not.
march 11, 2020
Barbara Junisbai, PhD, Pitzer College
TITLE: “Patronage Norms in Post-Soviet Eurasia: The President, the First Family, and Intra-Elite Conflict”
In studies of post-Soviet politics, patronage is often described as the ‘glue’ binding presidents and elites and creating powerful material incentives to uphold the status quo. With one hand, the president rewards loyal elites, giving them access to ‘the fruits of office’ and other valued resources; with the other, the president punishes wayward elites, taking away whatever benefits they have accumulated and closing off access to future ones. In this talk I reconsider patronage, moving away from primarily material conception to a normative one. If we think of patronage as an institution, we are presented with an opportunity to explore in a systematic way the rules and expectations governing the material aspect–‘who gets what, how’ and how much–of patronage in personalist regimes.
March 25, 2020
Alfredo Carlos, PhD, CSU Long Beach
TITLE: Latinos, Hegemony and Economic Democracy: From Continual Crisis To a People Oriented Economy
The Economic Crisis of 2008 wreaked havoc on communities of color, many still dealing with the fallout. Latinos were the hardest hit in the areas of unemployment, wage suppression and theft, housing dislocation, food insecurity and health. Within this context market-based responses have been inadequate and slow in alleviating any of these conditions. As we experience a massive housing crisis and stagnating wages, I look at counter-hegemonic alternatives aimed at democratizing work, production relations and land ownership. I argue that Economic Democracy and its various iterations are a valuable fracture in the hegemonic contest over ideological programs of how to respond to crisis. Alternative forms like worker cooperatives and community land trusts expand the realm of possibility offering a different understanding about how the economy can and ought to work, elucidating what is possible in the face of the failure of the dominant capitalist model to effectively respond to crisis. These alternatives are not just different ways of engaging within a capitalist economy or of creating small niche sharing economies to help bolster communities of color who struggle in the face of inequality, they are part of a war of position in the ideological and cultural struggle over what role and whose needs the economy and capital should serve in the course of human history. As such I argue they are a fundamentally different mode of production, a necessary one if we are to meaningfully deal with the suffering caused by growing inequality.
April 8, 2020
Duy Trinh, PhD Candidate, UC San Diego
APRIL 22, 2020
Joshua Meyer-Gutbrod, PhD, UC Santa Barbara
TITLE: Running Against the Grain: Measuring Partisan Rhetoric in State-Level Campaigns
The growing theory of the nationalization of state politics has gained traction across a number of policy arenas, with scholars highlighting the increasing nationalization of the electorate across the country and the growth of state-level partisan polarization as strong evidence of a decline in state variation. This presentation approaches the question of state-level partisan agendas and rhetoric through the lens of issue ownership within state legislative campaigns. I introduce a novel dataset that catalogues campaign website statements from state lower chamber candidates during the 2016 election. The results reveal that, despite a growing emphasis on national issues amongst the electorate, historically state controlled issues including education and economic concerns still dominate the conversation at the state level. Further, significant variation exists within the Republican and Democrat parties across states, particularly within these historical issues, indicating a more divided party than the nationalization theory claims.
May 6, 2020
Safia Farole, PhD, UC Los Angeles
TITLE: “Eroding Support from Below: Performance in Local Government and Opposition Party Growth in South Africa”
How does support for opposition parties in dominant party systems grow? I argue that effective service delivery in local government helps opposition parties grow support in local elections. Using an original dataset of electoral, census, and spatial data at the lowest electoral unit in South Africa (the ward), this work shows that in the areas where it is the incumbent party, support for the Democratic Alliance (DA) party grows as the delivery of basic services to non-white households improves, and when Democratic Alliance party-run wards outperform the neighboring ones run by the ruling African National Congress party, support for the DA increases in neighboring wards. Overall, this study contributes to our understanding of how local politics erode dominant party rule.
You can find our previous events at this link: