Fall 2020 IPRC Event Calendar

Research Webinars Series

IPRC Research Webinars are bi-weekly meeting of faculty and graduate students, featuring leading researchers in political science and connecting CGU emerging scholars to networks.

Location: Online – Zoom
Time: 11:00 – 1:30 pm

SEPTEMBER 17, 2020

Javier M. Rodriguez, IPRC Co-Director, Claremont Graduate University

TITLE: “Politics, COVID-19, and Racial Disparities in Health”

This webinar provides a brief outline on some newly discovered connections between health outcomes, racial disparities in health, and U.S. politics. We will also discuss how some of these associations are now manifesting during the COVID-19 pandemic and how they are affecting vulnerable populations (for example, immigrants) in the U.S.

To access the recording of this webinar, please click here.

OCTOBER 1, 2020

Aldo Yanez-Ruiz, Cal State Los Angeles

TITLE: “Political Candidate Job Titles & Voter Perceptions: Evidence from 2 Online Experiments”

Political candidates running for public office in California can list their occupation on the ballot as an information cue to voters. Research on voting behavior indicates that political candidates’ party identification, biological sex, race/ethnicity, and religion affect the American electorate’s vote choices. In this study, I argue that the job titles political candidates list on ballots influence voting behavior as well. Using data collected from a survey experiment launched on Amazon’s Mechanical Turk (MTurk) service, I find evidence that voters possess unique stereotypes of political candidates from different occupational backgrounds and rate them distinctly on questions of their political ideology, issue competencies, and character traits. I also designed a conjoint experiment in which participants indicated their vote choice between two political candidates whose profession, partisanship, political ideology, biological sex, race/ethnicity, and religion were all randomized. I find evidence that American voters use several candidate attributes, including job titles, as heuristic cues when deciding between competing political candidates. These findings are especially salient for elections in which the professional experience of candidates may be one of the only sources of information available to voters on the ballot and provide an explanation as to why certain occupations are overrepresented in elected office.

OCTOBER 15, 2020

Melissa Rogers, Claremont Graduate University

TITLE: “Voting Your Pocketbook or Voting your Place: Decomposing Variance in Economic Voting” (with Dong Wook Lee)

Many accounts of changing voting patterns in advanced industrial democracies focus on political geography. Subnational clustering of voting may indicate that place-based factors are an important determinant of political behavior. Using new methodology to decompose variation in voting, the study examines whether place-based economic factors, in addition to pocketbook economic interests, are predictors of individuals’ vote choices and how cohesively income groups vote.

NOVEMBER 5, 2020

Roya Talibova, University of Michigan

TITLE: “Fighting for Tyranny: How State Repression Shapes Military Performance” (with Arturas Rozenas, NYU, and Yuri Zhukov, University of Michigan.

It is well-understood that autocrats often weaken their military through “coup-proofing” purges of competent but potentially disloyal officers. Such elite purges constitute only a tiny fraction of state violence, and we know little about how repression in the wider society shapes military performance. We assemble a novel dataset from millions of archival battlefield records of Red Army conscripts in the Second World War as well as political arrests and killings prior to the war. Results from three empirical designs consistently show that soldiers from places with more pre-war repression were more likely to fight until death or injury and less likely to flee the battlefield, but they also displayed less individual initiative. Repression may alleviate certain collective action problems associated with fighting, but it also incentivizes conformity that cripples the initiative.

NOVEMBER 19, 2020

Gabriele Magni, Loyola Marymount University

TITLE: “Boundaries of Solidarity: Immigrants, Economic Contribution, and Welfare Attitudes”

In public opinion on welfare, citizens often display selective solidarity that benefits natives. But how strong and widespread is the penalty for immigrants? And how can immigrants reduce their penalty? I explore these questions with original survey experiments with nationally representative samples from four countries: Italy, France, the United Kingdom and the United States. My results show that all immigrants are strongly penalized, including immigrants from Western countries who in other contexts do not elicit negative reactions. Further departing from prior findings on immigrant discrimination, I show that welfare chauvinism emerges even among cosmopolitan, highly educated, and economically secure citizens. This is because the welfare state has historically developed within the bounded community of the nation state and emerged as a form of solidarity limited to co-nationals. While immigrants are generally seen as outsiders not deserving of support, they reduce the gap with natives when they appear as strong reciprocators. Specifically, citizens are more willing to support immigrants who have a long work history, which is both evidence of past economic contributions and a sign of commitment to membership in the community. This study contributes to our understanding of how identity and economic factors influence immigration attitudes, welfare preferences, solidarity and cooperation.

Register via Zoom here.

DECEMBER 3, 2020

Gregoire Daniels, UC San Diego

TITLE: Where and How Effectively Rebel Groups Repair Infrastructure, Provide Electricity, and Distribute Goods and Services in Areas under their Control

You can find our previous events at this link:

https://research.cgu.edu/democratic-renewal/past-events/