Spring 2020 IPRC Event Calendar

Research Talk Series

Our Research Talk Series is a biweekly meeting of faculty and graduate students. The meetings are a space for research conversation, presentations of current research, and trainings on topics related to inequality and research methodology.

Fall 2020

SEPTEMBER 17, 2020

Javier M. Rodriguez, IPRC Co-Director, Claremont Graduate University

TITLE: “Politics, COVID-19, and Racial Disparities in Health”

This webinar provides a brief outline on some newly discovered connections between health outcomes, racial disparities in health, and U.S. politics. We will also discuss how some of these associations are now manifesting during the COVID-19 pandemic and how they are affecting vulnerable populations (for example, immigrants) in the U.S.

To access the recording of this webinar, please click here.

OCTOBER 1, 2020

Aldo Yanez-Ruiz, Cal State Los Angeles

TITLE: “Political Candidate Job Titles & Voter Perceptions: Evidence from 2 Online Experiments”

Political candidates running for public office in California can list their occupation on the ballot as an information cue to voters. Research on voting behavior indicates that political candidates’ party identification, biological sex, race/ethnicity, and religion affect the American electorate’s vote choices. In this study, I argue that the job titles political candidates list on ballots influence voting behavior as well. Using data collected from a survey experiment launched on Amazon’s Mechanical Turk (MTurk) service, I find evidence that voters possess unique stereotypes of political candidates from different occupational backgrounds and rate them distinctly on questions of their political ideology, issue competencies, and character traits. I also designed a conjoint experiment in which participants indicated their vote choice between two political candidates whose profession, partisanship, political ideology, biological sex, race/ethnicity, and religion were all randomized. I find evidence that American voters use several candidate attributes, including job titles, as heuristic cues when deciding between competing political candidates. These findings are especially salient for elections in which the professional experience of candidates may be one of the only sources of information available to voters on the ballot and provide an explanation as to why certain occupations are overrepresented in elected office.

OCTOBER 15, 2020

Melissa Rogers, Claremont Graduate University

TITLE: “Voting Your Pocketbook or Voting your Place: Decomposing Variance in Economic Voting” (with Dong Wook Lee)

Many accounts of changing voting patterns in advanced industrial democracies focus on political geography. Subnational clustering of voting may indicate that place-based factors are an important determinant of political behavior. Using new methodology to decompose variation in voting, the study examines whether place-based economic factors, in addition to pocketbook economic interests, are predictors of individuals’ vote choices and how cohesively income groups vote.

NOVEMBER 5, 2020

Roya Talibova, University of Michigan

TITLE: “Fighting for Tyranny: How State Repression Shapes Military Performance” (with Arturas Rozenas, NYU, and Yuri Zhukov, University of Michigan.

It is well-understood that autocrats often weaken their military through “coup-proofing” purges of competent but potentially disloyal officers. Such elite purges constitute only a tiny fraction of state violence, and we know little about how repression in the wider society shapes military performance. We assemble a novel dataset from millions of archival battlefield records of Red Army conscripts in the Second World War as well as political arrests and killings prior to the war. Results from three empirical designs consistently show that soldiers from places with more pre-war repression were more likely to fight until death or injury and less likely to flee the battlefield, but they also displayed less individual initiative. Repression may alleviate certain collective action problems associated with fighting, but it also incentivizes conformity that cripples the initiative.

NOVEMBER 19, 2020

Gabriele Magni, Loyola Marymount University

TITLE: “Boundaries of Solidarity: Immigrants, Economic Contribution, and Welfare Attitudes”

In public opinion on welfare, citizens often display selective solidarity that benefits natives. But how strong and widespread is the penalty for immigrants? And how can immigrants reduce their penalty? I explore these questions with original survey experiments with nationally representative samples from four countries: Italy, France, the United Kingdom and the United States. My results show that all immigrants are strongly penalized, including immigrants from Western countries who in other contexts do not elicit negative reactions. Further departing from prior findings on immigrant discrimination, I show that welfare chauvinism emerges even among cosmopolitan, highly educated, and economically secure citizens. This is because the welfare state has historically developed within the bounded community of the nation state and emerged as a form of solidarity limited to co-nationals. While immigrants are generally seen as outsiders not deserving of support, they reduce the gap with natives when they appear as strong reciprocators. Specifically, citizens are more willing to support immigrants who have a long work history, which is both evidence of past economic contributions and a sign of commitment to membership in the community. This study contributes to our understanding of how identity and economic factors influence immigration attitudes, welfare preferences, solidarity and cooperation.

January 29, 2020

Mark Hoestra, PhD, Texas A&M University

TITLE: “The Effect of Police Officer Race on Use of Force”

This presentation examines how police officer race affects use of force. To overcome endogenous interactions, we use data on over 2 million 911 calls in two cities, neither of which allows for discretion in officer dispatch. Using a location-by-time fixed effects approach that isolates the random variation in officer race, we estimate white officers use gun force twice as often as black officers, and 60 percent more overall. Difference-in-difference estimates from individual officer fixed effect models imply white officers use force twice as often in Hispanic neighborhoods, and use gun force five times as often in black neighborhoods.

February 26, 2020

Stephen El-Khatib, PhD Candidate, UC Riverside

TITLE: “The Muslims Next Door”

The presentation investigates hostility toward mosques and Muslim Americans in the United States, both through physical attacks and subtle racism. I challenge existing theories related to outgroup contact and threat, against the theory of outgroup institutional context. I postulate that outgroup related buildings and developments such as mosques are seen by some residents as threatening footholds in their community. To test my theory, I developed a Cooperative Congressional Elections Study module on Muslims and mosques in 2018, created a series of datasets which scrape online information on hate crime, and utilized U.S. Internal Revenue Service data to determine the locations of mosques throughout the country. I find that the presence of mosques is significantly related to increases in hate targeting Muslims, whereas the relative size of Muslim populations is not.

march 11, 2020

Barbara Junisbai, PhD, Pitzer College

TITLE: “Patronage Norms in Post-Soviet Eurasia: The President, the First Family, and Intra-Elite Conflict”

In studies of post-Soviet politics, patronage is often described as the ‘glue’ binding presidents and elites and creating powerful material incentives to uphold the status quo. With one hand, the president rewards loyal elites, giving them access to ‘the fruits of office’ and other valued resources; with the other, the president punishes wayward elites, taking away whatever benefits they have accumulated and closing off access to future ones. In this talk I reconsider patronage, moving away from primarily material conception to a normative one.  If we think of patronage as an institution, we are presented with an opportunity to explore in a systematic way the rules and expectations governing the material aspect–‘who gets what, how’ and how much–of patronage in personalist regimes.

March 25, 2020

Alfredo Carlos, PhD, CSU Long Beach

TITLE: Latinos, Hegemony and Economic Democracy: From Continual Crisis To a People Oriented Economy

The Economic Crisis of 2008 wreaked havoc on communities of color, many still dealing with the fallout. Latinos were the hardest hit in the areas of unemployment, wage suppression and theft, housing dislocation, food insecurity and health. Within this context market-based responses have been inadequate and slow in alleviating any of these conditions. As we experience a massive housing crisis and stagnating wages, I look at counter-hegemonic alternatives aimed at democratizing work, production relations and land ownership. I argue that Economic Democracy and its various iterations are a valuable fracture in the hegemonic contest over ideological programs of how to respond to crisis. Alternative forms like worker cooperatives and community land trusts expand the realm of possibility offering a different understanding about how the economy can and ought to work, elucidating what is possible in the face of the failure of the dominant capitalist model to effectively respond to crisis. These alternatives are not just different ways of engaging within a capitalist economy or of creating small niche sharing economies to help bolster communities of color who struggle in the face of inequality, they are part of a war of position in the ideological and cultural struggle over what role and whose needs the economy and capital should serve in the course of human history. As such I argue they are a fundamentally different mode of production, a necessary one if we are to meaningfully deal with the suffering caused by growing inequality.

April 8, 2020

Duy Trinh, PhD Candidate, UC San Diego

TITLE: TBA

APRIL 22, 2020

Joshua Meyer-Gutbrod, PhD, UC Santa Barbara

TITLERunning Against the Grain: Measuring Partisan Rhetoric in State-Level Campaigns

The growing theory of the nationalization of state politics has gained traction across a number of policy arenas, with scholars highlighting the increasing nationalization of the electorate across the country and the growth of state-level partisan polarization as strong evidence of a decline in state variation. This presentation approaches the question of state-level partisan agendas and rhetoric through the lens of issue ownership within state legislative campaigns. I introduce a novel dataset that catalogues campaign website statements from state lower chamber candidates during the 2016 election. The results reveal that, despite a growing emphasis on national issues amongst the electorate, historically state controlled issues including education and economic concerns still dominate the conversation at the state level. Further, significant variation exists within the Republican and Democrat parties across states, particularly within these historical issues, indicating a more divided party than the nationalization theory claims.

May 6, 2020

Safia Farole, PhD, UC Los Angeles

TITLE: “Eroding Support from Below: Performance in Local Government and Opposition Party Growth in South Africa”

How does support for opposition parties in dominant party systems grow? I argue that effective service delivery in local government helps opposition parties grow support in local elections. Using an original dataset of electoral, census, and spatial data at the lowest electoral unit in South Africa (the ward), this work shows that in the areas where it is the incumbent party, support for the Democratic Alliance (DA) party grows as the delivery of basic services to non-white households improves, and when Democratic Alliance party-run wards outperform the neighboring ones run by the ruling African National Congress party, support for the DA increases in neighboring wards. Overall, this study contributes to our understanding of how local politics erode dominant party rule.

Friday, September 13, 2019
2019 Southern California Comparative Political Science Conference (SC2PI-XIII)
Sponsored by the Inequality and Policy Research Center
Time: 10:30 am–5:30 pm
Location: Burkle, 16

Wednesday, September 25, 2019
Inequality Lab Research Meeting
Guest Speaker: Dr. Gregory Deangelo
Associate Professor of Economic Sciences
Claremont Graduate University
Time: 12:00 pm–1:30 pm
Location: Stauffer 110

Wednesday, October 2, 2019
Inequality Lab Research Meeting
Guest Speaker: Dr. Ahu Sumbas
Assistant Professor of Political Science
Hacettepe University
Time: 12:00 pm–1:30 pm
Location: Stauffer 110

Wednesday, October 9, 2019
Inequality Lab Research Meeting
Guest Speaker: Dr. Nicholas Weller
Assistant Professor of Political Science
University of California, Riverside
Time: 12:00 pm–1:30 pm
Location: Stauffer 110

Wednesday, October 23, 2019
Inequality Lab Research Meeting
Guest Speaker: Dr. Christopher Krewson
Assistant Professor, Department of Politics & Government
Claremont Graduate University
Time: 12:00 pm–1:30 pm
Location: Stauffer 110

Wednesday, November 6, 2019
Inequality Lab Research Meeting
Guest Speaker: Dr. Stan Oklobdzija
Post-Doctoral Fellow, Policy Lab
Claremont McKenna College
Time: 12:00 pm–1:30 pm
Location: Stauffer 110

Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Inequality Lab Research Meeting
Guest Speaker: Dr. Rena Salayeva
Research Coordinator, IPRC
Claremont Graduate University
Time: 12:00 pm–1:30 pm
Location: Stauffer 106

Monday, December 2, 2019
Research Poster Presentation
Award Ceremony for Best Poster & Best Policy Brief
Location: IPRC, McManus 225
Time: 12:00-1:30 pm

February 7, 2020 – Politics and Policy of Health Symposium
Hosted by the Inequality and Policy Research Center
Time: 10 am – 5 pm
Location: Burkle 14

program

Introductions: 10 a.m. – 10:10 a.m.

Session I: 10:10 a.m. – 11:10 a.m.

Gilbert Gee, UCLA, “Racism and Health Inequalities: Towards a Structural and Life Course Approach”

Francisco Pedraza, UC Riverside, “Immigration Enforcement and the Formation of Cautious Citizenship”

Session II: 11:20 a.m. – 12:20 p.m.

Chandra Ford, UCLA, “The Need to Treat Racism as a Public Health Problem”

Wei Ye, CGU, and Javier Rodriguez, CGU, “Affordable Care Act Effects on Insurance Coverage and Health Status of Vulnerable Communities”

Lunch: 12:20 p.m. – 1:15 p.m.

Session III: 1:15 p.m. – 2:45 p.m.

Shervin Assari, Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science, “Health Disparities due to Minorities’ Diminished Returns of Economic and Non-Economic Resources: Evidence, Mechanisms, and Policy Solutions”

Marcel Fraix, Western University of Health Sciences, “The Chronic Stress Associated with Poverty and its Direct Impact on Health”

Deborah Freund, CGU, ChengCheng Zhang, CGU, Petra Rasmussen, UCLA, Safia Hassan, Scripps College, and Gerald Kominski, UCLA, “The Relationship among Education, Housing, and Insurance Coverage before and after the Medicaid Expansion”

Coffee break: 2:45 p.m. – 3 p.m.

Session IV: 3 p.m. – 4:30 p.m.

Robynn Cox, USC, “Exposure to Incarceration and Cognitive Functioning in Middle-Aged Men”

Paula Palmer, CGU, “Health Disparities among Pacific Islanders”

Javier Rodriguez, CGU, and Dean E. Robinson, University of Massachusetts, “The Reagan-Bush Era and Black Excess Mortality”

Dinner Reception: 5 pm – 6.30 pm – CGU President’s House