Spring 2020 IPRC Event Calendar

Research Talk Series

Our Research Talk Series is a biweekly meeting of faculty and graduate students. The meetings are a space for research conversation, presentations of current research, and trainings on topics related to inequality and research methodology.

Location: Stauffer 106
Time: 12:00 – 1:30 pm (Lunch provided)

January 29, 2020

Mark Hoestra, PhD, Texas A&M University

TITLE: “The Effect of Police Officer Race on Use of Force”

This presentation examines how police officer race affects use of force. To overcome endogenous interactions, we use data on over 2 million 911 calls in two cities, neither of which allows for discretion in officer dispatch. Using a location-by-time fixed effects approach that isolates the random variation in officer race, we estimate white officers use gun force twice as often as black officers, and 60 percent more overall. Difference-in-difference estimates from individual officer fixed effect models imply white officers use force twice as often in Hispanic neighborhoods, and use gun force five times as often in black neighborhoods.

February 26, 2020

Stephen El-Khatib, PhD Candidate, UC Riverside

TITLE: “The Muslims Next Door”

The presentation investigates hostility toward mosques and Muslim Americans in the United States, both through physical attacks and subtle racism. I challenge existing theories related to outgroup contact and threat, against the theory of outgroup institutional context. I postulate that outgroup related buildings and developments such as mosques are seen by some residents as threatening footholds in their community. To test my theory, I developed a Cooperative Congressional Elections Study module on Muslims and mosques in 2018, created a series of datasets which scrape online information on hate crime, and utilized U.S. Internal Revenue Service data to determine the locations of mosques throughout the country. I find that the presence of mosques is significantly related to increases in hate targeting Muslims, whereas the relative size of Muslim populations is not.

march 11, 2020

Barbara Junisbai, PhD, Pitzer College

TITLE: “Patronage Norms in Post-Soviet Eurasia: The President, the First Family, and Intra-Elite Conflict”

In studies of post-Soviet politics, patronage is often described as the ‘glue’ binding presidents and elites and creating powerful material incentives to uphold the status quo. With one hand, the president rewards loyal elites, giving them access to ‘the fruits of office’ and other valued resources; with the other, the president punishes wayward elites, taking away whatever benefits they have accumulated and closing off access to future ones. In this talk I reconsider patronage, moving away from primarily material conception to a normative one.  If we think of patronage as an institution, we are presented with an opportunity to explore in a systematic way the rules and expectations governing the material aspect–‘who gets what, how’ and how much–of patronage in personalist regimes.

March 25, 2020

Alfredo Carlos, PhD, CSU Long Beach

TITLE: Latinos, Hegemony and Economic Democracy: From Continual Crisis To a People Oriented Economy

The Economic Crisis of 2008 wreaked havoc on communities of color, many still dealing with the fallout. Latinos were the hardest hit in the areas of unemployment, wage suppression and theft, housing dislocation, food insecurity and health. Within this context market-based responses have been inadequate and slow in alleviating any of these conditions. As we experience a massive housing crisis and stagnating wages, I look at counter-hegemonic alternatives aimed at democratizing work, production relations and land ownership. I argue that Economic Democracy and its various iterations are a valuable fracture in the hegemonic contest over ideological programs of how to respond to crisis. Alternative forms like worker cooperatives and community land trusts expand the realm of possibility offering a different understanding about how the economy can and ought to work, elucidating what is possible in the face of the failure of the dominant capitalist model to effectively respond to crisis. These alternatives are not just different ways of engaging within a capitalist economy or of creating small niche sharing economies to help bolster communities of color who struggle in the face of inequality, they are part of a war of position in the ideological and cultural struggle over what role and whose needs the economy and capital should serve in the course of human history. As such I argue they are a fundamentally different mode of production, a necessary one if we are to meaningfully deal with the suffering caused by growing inequality.

April 8, 2020

Duy Trinh, PhD Candidate, UC San Diego

TITLE: TBA

APRIL 22, 2020

Joshua Meyer-Gutbrod, PhD, UC Santa Barbara

TITLERunning Against the Grain: Measuring Partisan Rhetoric in State-Level Campaigns

The growing theory of the nationalization of state politics has gained traction across a number of policy arenas, with scholars highlighting the increasing nationalization of the electorate across the country and the growth of state-level partisan polarization as strong evidence of a decline in state variation. This presentation approaches the question of state-level partisan agendas and rhetoric through the lens of issue ownership within state legislative campaigns. I introduce a novel dataset that catalogues campaign website statements from state lower chamber candidates during the 2016 election. The results reveal that, despite a growing emphasis on national issues amongst the electorate, historically state controlled issues including education and economic concerns still dominate the conversation at the state level. Further, significant variation exists within the Republican and Democrat parties across states, particularly within these historical issues, indicating a more divided party than the nationalization theory claims.

May 6, 2020

Safia Farole, PhD, UC Los Angeles

TITLE: “Eroding Support from Below: Performance in Local Government and Opposition Party Growth in South Africa”

How does support for opposition parties in dominant party systems grow? I argue that effective service delivery in local government helps opposition parties grow support in local elections. Using an original dataset of electoral, census, and spatial data at the lowest electoral unit in South Africa (the ward), this work shows that in the areas where it is the incumbent party, support for the Democratic Alliance (DA) party grows as the delivery of basic services to non-white households improves, and when Democratic Alliance party-run wards outperform the neighboring ones run by the ruling African National Congress party, support for the DA increases in neighboring wards. Overall, this study contributes to our understanding of how local politics erode dominant party rule.

Friday, September 13, 2019
2019 Southern California Comparative Political Science Conference (SC2PI-XIII)
Sponsored by the Inequality and Policy Research Center
Time: 10:30 am–5:30 pm
Location: Burkle, 16

Wednesday, September 25, 2019
Inequality Lab Research Meeting
Guest Speaker: Dr. Gregory Deangelo
Associate Professor of Economic Sciences
Claremont Graduate University
Time: 12:00 pm–1:30 pm
Location: Stauffer 110

Wednesday, October 2, 2019
Inequality Lab Research Meeting
Guest Speaker: Dr. Ahu Sumbas
Assistant Professor of Political Science
Hacettepe University
Time: 12:00 pm–1:30 pm
Location: Stauffer 110

Wednesday, October 9, 2019
Inequality Lab Research Meeting
Guest Speaker: Dr. Nicholas Weller
Assistant Professor of Political Science
University of California, Riverside
Time: 12:00 pm–1:30 pm
Location: Stauffer 110

Wednesday, October 23, 2019
Inequality Lab Research Meeting
Guest Speaker: Dr. Christopher Krewson
Assistant Professor, Department of Politics & Government
Claremont Graduate University
Time: 12:00 pm–1:30 pm
Location: Stauffer 110

Wednesday, November 6, 2019
Inequality Lab Research Meeting
Guest Speaker: Dr. Stan Oklobdzija
Post-Doctoral Fellow, Policy Lab
Claremont McKenna College
Time: 12:00 pm–1:30 pm
Location: Stauffer 110

Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Inequality Lab Research Meeting
Guest Speaker: Dr. Rena Salayeva
Research Coordinator, IPRC
Claremont Graduate University
Time: 12:00 pm–1:30 pm
Location: Stauffer 106

Monday, December 2, 2019
Research Poster Presentation
Award Ceremony for Best Poster & Best Policy Brief
Location: IPRC, McManus 225
Time: 12:00-1:30 pm

February 7, 2020 – Politics and Policy of Health Symposium
Hosted by the Inequality and Policy Research Center
Time: 10 am – 5 pm
Location: Burkle 14

program

Introductions: 10 a.m. – 10:10 a.m.

Session I: 10:10 a.m. – 11:10 a.m.

Gilbert Gee, UCLA, “Racism and Health Inequalities: Towards a Structural and Life Course Approach”

Francisco Pedraza, UC Riverside, “Immigration Enforcement and the Formation of Cautious Citizenship”

Session II: 11:20 a.m. – 12:20 p.m.

Chandra Ford, UCLA, “The Need to Treat Racism as a Public Health Problem”

Wei Ye, CGU, and Javier Rodriguez, CGU, “Affordable Care Act Effects on Insurance Coverage and Health Status of Vulnerable Communities”

Lunch: 12:20 p.m. – 1:15 p.m.

Session III: 1:15 p.m. – 2:45 p.m.

Shervin Assari, Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science, “Health Disparities due to Minorities’ Diminished Returns of Economic and Non-Economic Resources: Evidence, Mechanisms, and Policy Solutions”

Marcel Fraix, Western University of Health Sciences, “The Chronic Stress Associated with Poverty and its Direct Impact on Health”

Deborah Freund, CGU, ChengCheng Zhang, CGU, Petra Rasmussen, UCLA, Safia Hassan, Scripps College, and Gerald Kominski, UCLA, “The Relationship among Education, Housing, and Insurance Coverage before and after the Medicaid Expansion”

Coffee break: 2:45 p.m. – 3 p.m.

Session IV: 3 p.m. – 4:30 p.m.

Robynn Cox, USC, “Exposure to Incarceration and Cognitive Functioning in Middle-Aged Men”

Paula Palmer, CGU, “Health Disparities among Pacific Islanders”

Javier Rodriguez, CGU, and Dean E. Robinson, University of Massachusetts, “The Reagan-Bush Era and Black Excess Mortality”

Dinner Reception: 5 pm – 6.30 pm – CGU President’s House